Kedron Wavell Services Hockey Club

Hockey Club Brisbane, for men, women, boys and girls of all ages

Learning the Rules of Hockey

Here we will introduce you the the skills and techniques of Umpiring Hockey

With thanks to Brisbane's Hockey Zone, Hockey Australia and Federation of International Hockey (FIH) we have a range of videos that will take you through a course of learning the rules and how to umpire the game.

Rule Description Video Lessons from Hockey Zone
2 minute Guide to Hockey {avsplayer videoid=26 playerid=1 width=420}
 Role of the Umpire

The role of an umpire is to control the match, apply the rules of hockey & uphold a duty of care to the players.
This means keeping the game safe by being the judges of fair play.
• Each umpire has the primary responsibility for decisions in one half of the field, and is the only one allowed to award a Penalty corner, Penalty Stroke or Goal in their half of the field or a Free Hit to the
defenders in their circle.
• The Umpire's duty is to protect skilful play and penalise offences or unskilful play
• The success of the umpire can be measured by the degree to which they keep the game flowing within the rules, interrupting as little as possible

 Preparing to Umpire {avsplayer videoid=41 playerid=1 width=420}

 Umpire Whistle & Signals

Have a good solid sounding whistle
• The whistle must be blown decisively and loudly enough for all involved in the match to be able to hear it. This does not mean long
loud whistling at all times
• Use the whistle to talk to players or to get their attention.
• Tone is important. It ensures the players know what you as the umpire want to happen without the overuse of words.
• Reserve the Loud long and strong whistles to communicate when you don’t like what is happening in control situations (ie: a break down tackle, push and shove etc)

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 Area of Control

Whilst Umpiring try to keep a 45° Angle from your co-umpire. This will help with vision of
the play and being able to easily locate your fellow umpire when in need of assistance.
Also try to keep as close to your fellow umpire as possible.

Have a Pre game discussion – Discuss areas of control, choose umpiring ends, Control Methods etc

Composition of teams

A maximum of eleven players from each team take part in play at any particular time during the match. If a team has more than the permitted number of players on the field, time should be stopped to correct the situation. A personal penalty may be awarded against the captain of the team involved, if inadvertently having too many players on the pitch occurs for a very short period of time and does not materially affect the match. In cases where this occurs and materially affects the match, a personal penalty must be awarded against the captain of the team involved. Decisions taken prior to correcting the situation cannot be changed. Play and time is restarted with a free hit to the opposing team unless another penalty had been awarded against the offending team immediately before time was stopped in which case that penalty is taken.

Each team has either a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges on the field or plays only with field players. Each team may play with: – a goalkeeper wearing a different colour shirt and full protective equipment comprising at least headgear, leg guards and kickers ; this player is referred to in these Rules as a goalkeeper; or – a field player with goalkeeping privileges wearing a different colour shirt and who may wear protective headgear (but not leg guards and kickers or other goalkeeping protective equipment) when inside their defending

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 Starting the Match

A coin is tossed:  the team which wins the toss has the choice of which goal to attack in the first half of the match or to start the match with a centre pass  if the team winning the toss chooses which goal to attack in the first half of the match, the opposing team starts the match c if the team winning the toss chooses to start the match, the opposing team has the choice of which goal to attack in the first half of the match.

A bully takes place to re-start a match when time or play has been stopped for an injury or for any other reason and no penalty has been awarded:

Rules Guru Bernadette explains more:

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Ball outside the field

The ball is out of play when it passes completely over the side-line or back-line.

Play is restarted by a player of the team which was not the last team to touch or play the ball before it went out of play.

When the ball travels over the side-line, play is re-started where the ball crossed the line and the procedures for taking a free hit apply

When the ball is played over the back-line and no goal is scored: a if played by an attacker, play is re-started with the ball up to 15 metres from and in line with where it crossed the back-line and the procedures for taking a free hit apply

if played unintentionally by a defender or deflected by a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges, play is re-started with the ball on the 23 metres line and in line with where it crossed the back-line and the procedures for taking a free hit apply With the ball being placed on the line, the re-start is effectively within the 23 metres area and the provisions for taking a free hit are applicable c

if played intentionally by a defender, unless deflected by a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges, play is re-started with a penalty corner.

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Scoring a Goal

A goal is scored when the ball is played within the circle by an attacker and does not travel outside the circle before passing completely over the goal-line and under the crossbar. The ball may be played by a defender or touch their body before or after being played in the circle by an attacker.

FIH explains more

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 Offside ?

 

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Playing the Ball

A match is played between two teams with not more than eleven players of each team on the field at the same time.  Players on the field must hold their stick and not use it in a dangerous way.

Players must not touch, handle or interfere with other players or their sticks or clothing.

Field players must not stop, kick, propel, pick up, throw or carry the ball with any part of their body.

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Players must not intimidate or impede another player.

Players must not play the ball with the back of the stick.

Players must not hit the ball hard on the forehand with the edge of the stick. 

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Players may stop, receive and deflect or play the ball in a controlled manner in any part of the field when the ball is at any height including above the shoulder unless this is dangerous or leads to danger.  

Dangerous Play

Players must not play the ball dangerously or in a way which leads to dangerous play

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Players must not intentionally raise the ball from a hit except for a shot at goal.

Players must not approach within 5 metres of an opponent receiving a falling raised ball until it has been received, controlled and is on the ground.

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Obstruction

Players must not obstruct an opponent who is attempting to play the ball. Players must not tackle unless in a position to play the ball without body contact.

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Players must not intentionally enter the goal their opponents are defending or run behind either goal.

Players must not change their stick between the award and completion of a penalty corner or penalty stroke unless it no longer meets the stick specification.  Players must not throw any object or piece of equipment onto the field, at the ball, or at another player, umpire or person. Players must not delay play to gain benefit by time-wasting.

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Goalkeepers

A goalkeeper who wears protective equipment comprising at least headgear, leg guards and kickers must not take part in the match outside the 23 metres area they are defending, except when taking a penalty stroke.
Protective headgear must be worn by a goalkeeper at all times, except when taking a penalty stroke

A player with goalkeeping privileges must not take part in the match outside the 23 metres area they are defending when wearing the protective headgear but may remove the headgear and take part in the match anywhere on the field.

When the ball is inside the circle they are defending and they have their stick in their hand :
a goalkeepers wearing full protective equipment are permitted to use their stick, feet, kickers, legs or leg guards to propel the ball and to use their stick, feet, kickers, legs, leg guards or any other part of their body to stop the ball or deflect it in any direction including over the back-line

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Penalties

Advantage : a penalty is awarded only when a player or team has been disadvantaged by an opponent breaking the Rules.

A free hit is awarded to the opposing team :
a for an offence by any player between the 23 metres areas
b for an offence by an attacker within the 23 metres area their opponents are defending
c for an unintentional offence by a defender outside the circle but within the 23 metres area they are defending.

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penalty corner

A penalty corner is awarded :
a for an offence by a defender in the circle which does not prevent the probable scoring of a goal
b for an intentional offence in the circle by a defender against an opponent who does not have possession of the ball or an opportunity to play the ball
c for an intentional offence by a defender outside the circle but within the 23 metres area they are defending
d for intentionally playing the ball over the back-line by a defender 
Goalkeepers or players with goalkeeping privileges are permitted to deflect the ball with their stick, protective equipment or any part of their body in any direction including over the back-line.
e when the ball becomes lodged in a player’s clothing or equipment while in the circle they are defending.

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 Penalty Stroke

A penalty stroke is awarded :
a for an offence by a defender in the circle which prevents the probable scoring of a goal
b for an intentional offence in the circle by a defender against an opponent who has possession of the ball or an opportunity to play the ball
12.5 If there is another offence or misconduct before the awarded penalty has been taken :
a a more severe penalty may be awarded
b a personal penalty may be awarded
c the penalty may be reversed if the  subsequent offence was committed by the team first awarded the penalty.

 

Procedures for taking penalties

Location of a free hit :

a a free hit is taken close to where the offence occurred ‘Close to’ means within playing distance of where the offence occurred and with no significant advantage gained.
The location from which a free hit is taken must be more precise inside the 23 metres area.
b a free hit awarded to the defence within 15 metres of the back-line is taken up to 15 metres from the backline in line with the location of the offence, parallel to the side-line

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Personal penalties

For any offence, the offending player may be :
a cautioned (indicated by spoken words)
b warned and temporarily suspended for 2 minutes of playing time (indicated by a green card)
c temporarily suspended for a minimum of 5 minutes of playing time (indicated by a yellow card)
For the duration of each temporary green and
yellow card suspension of a player on or off the field, the offending team plays with one fewer player.
d permanently suspended from the current match (indicated by a red card).
For each permanent suspension, the offending
team plays for the remainder of the match with one fewer player.
A personal penalty may be awarded in addition to the appropriate penalty.

Temporarily suspended players must remain in a designated place until permitted by the umpire who suspended them to resume play.

Temporarily suspended players are permitted to rejoin their team at half-time after which they must return to a designated place to complete their suspension.

The intended duration of a temporary suspension may be extended for misconduct by a player while suspended.

Permanently suspended players must leave the field and its surrounding area.

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  In 2016 we will introduce and intermediate and advanced Umpiring videos so you can take your knowledge to a new level